The Difference between Cotton and Microfiber

- Apr 10, 2019-

Microfiber is an ultra fine synthetic fiber that has a strand weight of less than a singular denier. A denier is the number of grams 9,000 meters of a single strand of material weighs. This is smaller than the diameter of a strand of silk (approximately one denier), which is itself about 1/5 the diameter of a human hair. The smaller the denier measurement, the finer and more effective the microfiber.

The most common types of microfibers are made from polyesters, polyamides, or a conjugation of polyester, polyamide, and polypropylene. There are basically two types of microfiber: one is for cleaning products such as cleaning towels/mops and the other for clothing and furniture. The microfiber for cleaning is chemically split which adds considerable surface area to the fiber, and gives it a magnetic attraction to dust, dirt, and grime, while the microfiber made for furniture and clothing is non split, and repels dirt and liquids.

Microfiber: The wedge-shaped microfibers grab the particles of dirt and pull the dirt into its dense internal structure where they remain until washed away with mild soap or detergent. Results are clean, streak free surfaces. The spaces between fibers allow large amounts of moisture to be collected into the microfiber cloths and make them very absorbent. These same spaces allow for quicker drying time eliminating much of the bacterial growth found in cotton cloths.


Cotton:The rounded fibers on ordinary cotton cloths only push the dirt around and residue is left behind on the surface area you're cleaning. The structure of ordinary fiber cloth allows it to hold very little dirt.


Most microfiber used for commercial cleaning products are an 80/20 mix (80% polyester/20% polyamide) enabling them to absorb 6 to 8 times their weight in liquid. Since split microfibers are very fine — as much as 1/100th the diameter of a human hair, they are extremely soft and safe to use on delicate surfaces. Microfiber cleans without streaking, smearing, scratching or leaving lint.

As a professional manufacturer, we can make variety of microfiber cleaning products with different weaves and weave densities for specific types of tasks. We can produce a full line of microfiber cleaning products with different quality grades from economy to premium. Contact us for the right grade that works best for your specific cleaning tasks.