History of towels:
Napkins have a long history.Pre-qin period already had "pa" this one special textile name.Its specific meaning is "handkerchief", people use it to wipe sweat clean face.In the famous han yuefu folk song "the peacock flies southeast", there is the description of "the silent anu, the handkerchief covers the mouth to crow".The handkerchief here was evidently a handkerchief for wiping away tears.The official name of the handkerchief came from the tang dynasty.Wang jian, a famous court poet in the early tang dynasty, once wrote "braided red braided handkerchief with a pair of cicadas in the center".Song dynasty also has a saying of wiping his tears with a handkerchief.Ancient Chinese women put the handkerchief as an ornament or a symbolic symbol.In the classic novel a dream of red mansions, which we are most familiar with, the handkerchief has become a token of affection between young men and women.When daiyu burned the manuscripts, she not only had to burn all the poems which showed her heart, but also those old silk scarves that baoyu gave her, which showed the importance of silk scarves in daiyu's heart.
The formation of "pa" also predates "jin".The earliest papas in ancient Egypt were woven from papyrus grass to wipe sweat and keep out the sun.The ancient greeks made papas out of linen and wore them around their waist when they went out.In the 18th century, the popularity of women's cosmetics led to the development of colorful handkerchiefs.
The handkerchief of modern times is the thing that cleans face and skin not only, become a kind of portable adornment more in Japanese woman.Romantic americans give handkerchiefs as tokens of affection to their sweethearts.British men wear handkerchiefs in their suit pockets to show their gentlemanliness.French handkerchiefs come in a variety of shapes, from squares to rectangles, ovals, triangles and polygons.In order to make it easy to fold, king Louis xvi of France ordered in 1785 that "each side of a handkerchief should be the same length", and set the handkerchief as a square, which is still in use today.
The change from handkerchief to handkerchief began around the han dynasty.Towel and handkerchief are different, towel appears with the identity of male things.Such activities as men in labor, has not only confined to the face of sweating, and the place such as back, chest, small squares already cannot satisfy the requirements, and work of his hands not convenient fashion handkerchief, so a long sewn with thick cloth towels, need not when can casually draped over the shoulder, don't hang on the neck or in the waist.The towel that hangs at the neck is carried on the shoulder, when the cart still can be used as a shoulder pole or the pad cloth of car loop, in order to cushion pressure, reduce the friction that labor tool is opposite to skin.This kind of scarf has been very popular since the qin and han dynasties. The "big belt" tied at the waist of wu sheng that we see on the stage of Peking Opera is the artistic transformation of the scarf.
As early as the western han dynasty, the terry began to appear.The "velvet ring brocade" unearthed from the no. 1 han tomb of mawangdui in changsha is the earliest suede fabric discovered.To the song dynasty, China's fujian zhangzhou silk has been very developed.Inspired by the Japanese import "Japanese brocade", the ancient Chinese used bamboo in a special sleeve, commonly known as the "sword shell", and put the sword shell into the open warp silk to hold a "bamboo wire".Draw out the shell from the other end of the opening, and leave the bamboo thread to form a loop under the pressure of the weft.The wool loop of this kind of fabric is regular and plump, and thick and soft, moisture absorption ability is big, become the example of towel in the future.Cotton was introduced into China in the Ming and qing dynasties.In the 23-year reign of emperor kangxi of the qing dynasty, cotton towel made in Japan entered China, and the towel industry formed an independent industrial system with the addition of China's very popular raising technology, such as "full-color velvet", "sea goose velvet", "zhangrong" and other technologies.